Do cognitive systems need anticipatory capabilities to successfully cope with a dynamic environment? How deep is the relation between cognition, action and anticipation? How much explicit such antici- patory representations are? What is the role of anticipation in artificial, human and animal cognitive systems? The fall symposium has faced these great challenges by bringing together top scientists from cogni- tive science, neuroscience, psychology, AI and robotics. The pervasiveness of anticipation in cogni- tive systems is in fact acknowledged by many diverse disciplines but still there is a need for a unified approach to the subject.