A Hybrid Approach to Domino Portrait Generation

Hadrien Cambazard, John Horan, Eoin O’Mahony, Barry O’Sullivan

A domino portrait is an approximation of an image using a given number of sets of dominoes. This problem was first stated in 1981. Domino portraits have been generated most often using integer linear programming techniques that provide optimal solutions, but these can be slow and do not scale well. We demonstrate a new approach that overcomes these limitations and provides high quality portraits. Our software combines techniques from operations research, artificial intelligence, and computer vision. Starting from a randomly generated template of blank domino shapes, a subsequent optimal placement of dominoes can be achieved in constant time when the problem is viewed as a minimum cost flow. The domino portraits one obtains are good, but not as visually attractive as optimal ones. Combining techniques from computer vision and local search we can improve our portraits to be visually indistinguishable from those generated optimally.

Subjects: 15.2 Constraint Satisfaction; 1.1 Art And Music

Submitted: Apr 15, 2008

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