Mark H. Bickhard
What is the relation between anticipations and representation? Anticipations of an external system, or of the system environment, might be generated from a model, a representation, of that system or that environment. In contrast, I will argue that there is a different sense of anticipation — internal anticipation of the flow of interaction between a system and its environment — that constitutes the basis upon which foundational representation is emergent. In simple form, anticipations of interaction appropriateness are involved in selecting what interactions to engage in, those anticipations can be false and falsified, and that constitutes the emergence of representational truth value. Other more complex forms of representation, and other psychological phenomena, are constructed out of, and within the framework of, this basic emergence.