Subbarao Kambhampati, Amol Mali, Biplav Srivastava
Hierarchical task network and action-based planning approaches have traditionally been studied separately. In many domains, human expertise in the form of hierarchical reduction schemas exists, but is incomplete. In such domains, hybrid approaches that use both HTN and action-based planning techniques are needed. In this paper, we extend our previous work on refinement planning to include hierarchical planning. Specifically, we provide a generalized plan-space refinement that is capable of handling non-primitive actions. The generalization provides a principled way of handling partially hierarchical domains, while preserving systematicity, and respecting the user-intent inherent in the reduction schemas. Our general account also puts into perspective the many surface differences between the HTN and action-based planners, and could support the transfer of progress between HTN and action-based planning approaches.