Published Date: 2018-02-08
Registration: ISSN 2374-3468 (Online) ISSN 2159-5399 (Print)
Copyright: Published by AAAI Press, Palo Alto, California USA Copyright © 2018, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence All Rights Reserved.
Word sense induction is the most prominent unsupervised approach to lexical disambiguation. It clusters word instances, typically represented by their bag-of-words contexts. Therefore, uninformative and ambiguous contexts present a major challenge. In this paper, we investigate the use of an alternative instance representation based on lexical substitutes, i.e., contextually suitable, meaning-preserving replacements. Using lexical substitutes predicted by a state-of-the-art automatic system and a simple clustering algorithm, we outperform bag-of-words instance representations and compete with much more complex structured probabilistic models. Furthermore, we show that an oracle based on manually-labeled lexical substitutes yields yet substantially higher performance. Taken together, this provides evidence for a complementarity between word sense induction and lexical substitution that has not been given much consideration before.