In the ﬁrst part of the talk, I brieﬂy overview the state of the art in the ﬁeld of disaster response robotics. In the second part of the talk, I present some of the research we developed at Sapienza Univ. of Rome, also in collaboration with the Italian Firemen Department. Speciﬁcally, I describe some results in Distributed Situation Assessment, Action Planning and Monitoring, Context-based Design of intelligent robotic agents, Multi-robot Teams for disaster response robotics, and Performance Evaluation Metrics for intelligent robotic agents. Throughout the discussion, I focus on several open challenges that need to be addressed to provide effective solutions for Disaster Response Robotics.