We propose techniques for efficiently determining optimal solutions to large logistics planning domain problems. We map a problem instance to a directed graph and show that no more than one vehicle per weakly connected component of the graph is needed for an optimal solution. We propose techniques for efficiently finding the vehicles which must be employed for an optimal solution. Also we develop a strong admissible heuristic based on the analysis of a directed graph, the cycles of which represent situations in the problem state in which a vehicle must visit a location more than once. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first method that determines optimal solutions for large logistics instances (including the largest instances in the IPC 1998 and IPC 2000 problem sets).