In this paper, we survey techniques used in intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) to model student knowledge. The three techniques that we review in detail are knowledge tracing, performance factor analysis, and matrix factorization. We also briefly cover other techniques that have been used. This review is meant to be a repository of knowledge for those who want to integrate these techniques into serious games. It is also meant to increase awareness and interest as to the techniques available that can be integrated into serious games.