Du, Yuhao, Muhammad Aamir Masood, and Kenneth Joseph. 2020. “Understanding Visual Memes: An Empirical Analysis of Text Superimposed on Memes Shared on Twitter”. Proceedings of the International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media 14 (1), 153-64. https://aaai.org/ojs/index.php/ICWSM/article/view/7287.