Model Recognition as Planning
Given a partially observed plan execution, and a set of possible planning models (models that share the same state variables but different action schemata), model recognition is the task of identifying the model that explains the observation. The paper formalizes this task and introduces a novel method that estimates the probability of a STRIPS model to produce an observation of a plan execution. This method builds on top of off-the-shelf classical planning algorithms and it is robust to missing actions and intermediate states in the observation. The effectiveness of the method is tested in three experiments, each encoding a set of different STRIPS models and all using empty-action observations: (1) a classical string classification task; (2) identification of the model that encodes a failure present in an observation; and (3) recognition of a robot navigation policy.