A Task in a Suit and a Tie: Paraphrase Generation with Semantic Augmentation

  • Su Wang The University of Texas at Austin
  • Rahul Gupta Google Inc.
  • Nancy Chang Google Inc.
  • Jason Baldridge Google Inc.

Abstract

Paraphrasing is rooted in semantics. We show the effectiveness of transformers (Vaswani et al. 2017) for paraphrase generation and further improvements by incorporating PropBank labels via a multi-encoder. Evaluating on MSCOCO and WikiAnswers, we find that transformers are fast and effective, and that semantic augmentation for both transformers and LSTMs leads to sizable 2-3 point gains in BLEU, METEOR and TER. More importantly, we find surprisingly large gains on human evaluations compared to previous models. Nevertheless, manual inspection of generated paraphrases reveals ample room for improvement: even our best model produces human-acceptable paraphrases for only 28% of captions from the CHIA dataset (Sharma et al. 2018), and it fails spectacularly on sentences from Wikipedia. Overall, these results point to the potential for incorporating semantics in the task while highlighting the need for stronger evaluation.

Published
2019-07-17
Section
AAAI Technical Track: Natural Language Processing