AAAI Publications, Workshops at the Thirty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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ILPC: Iterative Learning Using Physical Constraints in Real-World Sensing Data
Tong Yu, Shijia Pan, Susu Xu, Xinlei Chen, Mostafa Mirshekari, Jonathon Fagert, Hae Young Noh, Pei Zhang, Ole J. Mengshoel

Last modified: 2018-06-20

Abstract


In this paper, we present Iterative Learning using Physical Constraints (ILPC) method. ILPC is an iterative learning method targeting at model inaccuracy caused by a distribution change in training and test data. This change in distribution can be due to the complexity of many real-world physical systems. Although domain adaptation methods, which consider both training and test data distribution when building models, also target this distribution change, these methods can only handle a limited difference between training and test data. ILPC handles different distributions based on a key observation: gradual changes in physical conditions often cause gradual data distribution changes. Instead of treating test data as generated by an identical distribution, ILPC builds a model iteratively, guided by a system's physical measurements. In each iteration, the model is only extended with data that has similar physical measurements to the last iteration. This approach leads to higher accuracy. To evaluate ILPC, we apply it to two real-world datasets and achieve up to a 2.7x improvement in prediction accuracy compared to existing domain adaptation methods.

Keywords


iterative learning, physical constraints, real-world sensing data, domain adaptation

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