AAAI Publications, Workshops at the Twenty-Ninth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Recognition of In-Field Frog Chorusing Using Bayesian Nonparametric Microphone Array Processing
Yoshiaki Bando, Takuma Otsuka, Ikkyu Aihara, Hiromitsu Awano, Katsutoshi Itoyama, Kazuyoshi Yoshii, Hiroshi Gitchang Okuno

Last modified: 2015-04-01

Abstract


In this paper, we exploit Bayesian nonparametric microphone array processing (BNP-MAP) for analyzing the spatio-temporal patterns of the frog chorus. Such analysis in real environments is made more difficult due to unpredictable sound sources including calls of various species of animals. An application of conventional signal processing algorithms has been difficult because these algorithms usually require the number of sound sources in advance. BNP-MAP is developed to cope with auditory uncertainties such as reverberation or unknown number of sounds by using a unified model based on Bayesian nonparametrics. We exploit BNP-MAP for analyzing the sound data of 20 minutes captured by a 7-channel microphone array in a paddy rice field in Oki Island, Japan, and revealed that two individuals of Schlegel's green tree frog (Rhacophorus schlegelii) called alternately with anti-phase. This result is compared with the video data captured by a video camera with 18 units of sound-imaging devices called Firefly deployed along the bank of the rice field. The auditory result provides more detailed patterns of the frog chorus in higher temporal resolutions. This higher resolution enables to analyze fine temporal structures of the frog calls. For example, BNP-MAP reveals the trill-like calling pattern of R. schlegelii.

Keywords


Sound source separation and localization based on Bayesian Nonparametrics; Computational auditory scene analysis; Statistical signal processing; Frog chorusing; Coupled oscillator models; Bioacoustics; Animal behavior

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