AAAI Publications, 2013 AAAI Spring Symposium Series

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Building Appropriate Trust in Human-Robot Teams
Scott Ososky, David Schuster, Elizabeth Phillips, Florian G Jentsch

Last modified: 2013-03-15


Future robotic systems are expected to transition from tools to teammates, characterized by increasingly autonomous, intelligent robots interacting with humans in a more naturalistic manner, approaching a relationship more akin to human–human teamwork. Given the impact of trust observed in other systems, trust in the robot team member will likely be critical to effective and safe performance. Our thesis for this paper is that trust in a robot team member must be appropriately calibrated rather than simply maximized.  We describe how the human team member’s understanding of the system contributes to trust in human-robot teaming, by evoking mental model theory. We discuss how mental models are related to physical and behavioral characteristics of the robot, on the one hand, and affective and behavioral outcomes, such as trust and system use/disuse/misuse, on the other.  We expand upon our discussion by providing recommendations for best practices in human-robot team research and design and other systems using artificial intelligence.


trust; human-robot interaction; mental models; robots; teams; collaboration; autonomy

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