AAAI Publications, 2010 AAAI Spring Symposium Series

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Separating Moving Objects from Landmarks
Hartmut Messerschmidt

Last modified: 2010-03-23

Abstract


Navigation and localization are still one of the most fundamental tasks to be accomplished by mobile autonomous robots. One of the main purposes of the navigation and localization process is to build a precise, usually allocentric spatial static representation (e.g. [S. Thrun and Schulz, 2000] ). Although robots are able to carry more and more powerful sensors, the question is, which informations are needed for localization and navigation. One way to do these tasks with only a minimal amount of resources is via landmarks. Furthermore it is an easy and failsafe way to do so. Localization can be done with only a single 180 degree camera, and a navigation by the change of the landmark ordering is very robust against misinterpretations and errors. This technique uses the fact that, seen from the agent, landmarks are switching locations only in a certain way( [Wagner, Visser, and Herzog, 2004] ). With an additional timer the robustness of this technique can be further increased. But with timing and the use of angles between the landmarks, it is also possible to measure the distances between the landmarks and the agent. Furthermore this technique can be extended to detect moving objects and to compute the speed and direction of them.

Keywords


Landmarks; Timing; Moving; Localization

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