AAAI Publications, Sixteenth International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

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Hunting for Tractable Languages for Judgment Aggregation
Ronald de Haan

Last modified: 2018-09-24


Judgment aggregation is a general framework for collective decision making that can be used to model many different settings. Due to its general nature, the worst case complexity of essentially all relevant problems in this framework is very high. However, these intractability results are mainly due to the fact that the language to represent the aggregation domain is overly expressive. We initiate an investigation of representation languages for judgment aggregation that strike a balance between (1) being limited enough to yield computational tractability results and (2) being expressive enough to model relevant applications. In particular, we consider the languages of Krom formulas, (definite) Horn formulas, and Boolean circuits in decomposable negation normal form (DNNF). We illustrate the use of the positive complexity results that we obtain for these languages with a concrete application: voting on how to spend a budget (i.e., participatory budgeting).


judgment aggregation; knowledge compilation; computational complexity; participatory budgeting

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