AAAI Publications, Seventh Intelligent Narrative Technologies Workshop

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Minimal Narrative Annotation Schemes and Their Applications
Elahe Rahimtoroghi, Thomas Corcoran, Reid Swanson, Marilyn A. Walker, Kenji Sagae, Andrew Gordon

Last modified: 2014-10-23


The increased use of large corpora in narrative research has created new opportunities for empirical research and intelligent narrative technologies. To best exploit the value of these corpora, several research groups are eschewing complex discourse analysis techniques in favor of high-level minimalist narrative annotation schemes that can be quickly applied, achieve high inter-rater agreement, and are amenable to automation using machine-learning techniques. In this paper we compare different annotation schemes that have been employed by two groups of researchers to annotate large corpora of narrative text. Using a dual-annotation methodology, we investigate the correlation between narrative clauses distinguished by their structural role (orientation, action, evaluation), their subjectivity, and their narrative level within the discourse. We find that each simple narrative annotation scheme captures a structurally distinct characteristic of real-world narratives, and each combination of labels is evident in a corpus of 19 weblog narratives (951 narrative clauses). We discuss several potential applications of minimalist narrative annotation schemes, noting the combination of label across these two annotation schemes that best support each task.


Narrative; Natural Language Processing; Machine Learning

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