AAAI Publications, 2011 AAAI Fall Symposium Series

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Toward an Integrated Metacognitive Architecture
Michael T. Cox, Tim Oates, Don Perlis

Last modified: 2011-11-03


Researchers have studied problems in metacognition both in computers and in humans. In response some have implemented models of cognition and metacognitive activity in various architectures to test and better define specific theories of metacognition. However, current theories and implementations suffer from numerous problems and lack of detail. Here we illustrate the problems with two different computational approaches. The Meta-Cognitive Loop and Meta-AQUA both examine the metacognitive reasoning involved in monitoring and reasoning about failures of expectations, and they both learn from such experiences. But neither system presents a full accounting of the variety of known metacognitive phenomena, and, as far as we know, no extant system does. The problem is that no existing cognitive architecture directly addresses metacognition. Instead, current architectures were initially developed to study more narrow cognitive functions and only later were they modified to include higher level attributes. We claim that the solution is to develop a metacognitive architecture outright, and we begin to outline the structure that such a foundation might have.


Cognitive architectures; models of metacognition; metareasoning; metaexplanation; NAG loop; introspective multistrategy learning; learning goals; self-model

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