AAAI Publications, The Thirty-Second International Flairs Conference

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On the Winograd Schema: Situating Language Understanding in the Data-Information-Knowledge Continuum
Walid Saba

Last modified: 2019-05-04


The Winograd Schema (WS) challenge has been proposed as an alternative to the Turing Test as a test for machine intelligence. In this paper we ‘situate’ the WS challenge in the data-information-knowledge continuum, suggesting in the process what a good WS is. Subsequently, we will argue that the WS is but a special case of a more general phenomenon in language understanding, namely the phenomenon of the ‘missing text’. In particular, we will argue that what we usually call thinking in the process of language understanding almost always involves discovering some missing text - text is rarely explicitly stated but is implicitly assumed as shared background knowledge. As such, we suggest extending the WS challenge to include other linguistic phenomena that also involve discovering the ‘missing text’, such tests metonymy, quantifier scope, lexical disambiguation, and copredication, to name a few.

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