AAAI Publications, The Twenty-Ninth International Flairs Conference

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Structural Sentence Similarity Estimation for Short Texts
Weicheng Ma, Torsten Suel

Last modified: 2016-03-30

Abstract


Sentence similarity is the basis of most text-related tasks. In this paper, we define a new task of sentence similarity estimation specifically for short while informal, social-network styled sentences. The new type of sentence similarity, which we call Structural Similarity, eliminates syntactic or grammatical features such as dependency paths and Part-of-Speech (POS) tagging which do not have enough representativeness on short sentences. Structural Similarity does not consider actual meanings of the sentences either but puts more emphasis on the similarities of sentence structures, so as to discover purpose- or emotion-level similarities. The idea is based on the observation that people tend to use sentences with similar structures to express similar feelings. Besides the definition, we present a new feature set and a mechanism to calculate the scores, and, for the needs of disambiguating word senses we propose a variant of the Word2Vec model to represent words. We prove the correctness and advancement of our sentence similarity measurement by experiments.

Keywords


sentence similarity;short sentences;purpose mining

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