AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fourth International FLAIRS Conference

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Optimizing Hidden Markov Models for Ocean Feature Detection
Sandeep Kumar, Sergio Jimenez Celorrio, Frederic Py, Deepak Khemani, Kanna Rajan

Last modified: 2011-03-20


Given the diversity and spatio-temporal scales of dynamic coastal processes, sampling is a challenging task for oceanographers. To meet this challenge new robotic platforms such as Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) are being increasingly used. For effective water sampling during a mission an AUV should be adaptive to its environment, which requires it to be able to identify these dynamic and episodic ocean features in-situ. We describe the use of Hidden Markov Models (HMM) as a feature detection model used onboard an AUV, an autonomous untethered robot. We show how to build an identification model from data collected during past missions. Then we show how the parameters of the HMM can be optimized using a Genetic Algorithm approach, from models trained with the Baum-Welch algorithm in the initial population.

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