AAAI Publications, Thirty-First AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Dual-Clustering Maximum Entropy with Application to Classification and Word Embedding
Xiaolong Wang, Jingjing Wang, Chengxiang Zhai

Last modified: 2017-02-12


Maximum Entropy (ME), as a general-purpose machine learning model, has been successfully applied to various fields such as text mining and natural language processing. It has been used as a classification technique and recently also applied to learn word embedding. ME establishes a distribution of the exponential form over items (classes/words). When training such a model, learning efficiency is guaranteed by globally updating the entire set of model parameters associated with all items at each training instance. This creates a significant computational challenge when the number of items is large. To achieve learning efficiency with affordable computational cost, we propose an approach named Dual-Clustering Maximum Entropy (DCME). Exploiting the primal-dual form of ME, it conducts clustering in the dual space and approximates each dual distribution by the corresponding cluster center. This naturally enables a hybrid online-offline optimization algorithm whose time complexity per instance only scales as the product of the feature/word vector dimensionality and the cluster number. Experimental studies on text classification and word embedding learning demonstrate that DCME effectively strikes a balance between training speed and model quality, substantially outperforming state-of-the-art methods.


Maximum Entropy; Dual Clustering

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