AAAI Publications, Thirty-First AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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The Kernel Kalman Rule — Efficient Nonparametric Inference with Recursive Least Squares
Gregor H. W. Gebhardt, Andras Kupcsik, Gerhard Neumann

Last modified: 2017-02-12

Abstract


Nonparametric inference techniques provide promising tools for probabilistic reasoning in high-dimensional nonlinear systems.Most of these techniques embed distributions into reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS) and rely on the kernel Bayes' rule (KBR) to manipulate the embeddings. However, the computational demands of the KBR scale poorly with the number of samples and the KBR often suffers from numerical instabilities. In this paper, we present the kernel Kalman rule (KKR) as an alternative to the KBR.The derivation of the KKR is based on recursive least squares, inspired by the derivation of the Kalman innovation update.We apply the KKR to filtering tasks where we use RKHS embeddings to represent the belief state, resulting in the kernel Kalman filter (KKF).We show on a nonlinear state estimation task with high dimensional observations that our approach provides a significantly improved estimation accuracy while the computational demands are significantly decreased.

Keywords


kernel methods; nonparametric inference; RKHS; filtering; model learning; probabilistic reasoning

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