AAAI Publications, Thirty-First AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence

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Bounded Rationality of Restricted Turing Machines
Lijie Chen, Pingzhong Tang, Ruosong Wang

Last modified: 2017-02-10


Bounded rationality aims to understand the effects of how limited rationality affects decision-making. The traditional models in game theory and multiagent system research, such as finite automata or unrestricted Turing machine, fall short of capturing how intelligent agents make decision in realistic applications. To address this problem, we model bounded rational agents as restricted Turing machines: restrictions on running time and on storage space. We study our model under the context of two-person repeated games. In the case where the running time of Turing machines is restricted, we show that computing the best response of a given strategy is much harder than the strategy itself. In the case where the storage space of the Turing machines is restricted, we show the best response of a space restricted strategy can not be implemented by machines within the same size (up to a constant factor). Finally, we study how these restrictions affect the set of Nash equilibria in infinitely repeated games.We show restricting the agent’s computational resources will give rise to new Nash equilibria.


bounded rationality; repeated games; restricted Turing machine

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