CREWS_NS: Scheduling Train Crews in The Netherlands
We present a system, CREWS_NS, that is used in the long-term scheduling of drivers and guards for the Dutch Railways. CREWS_NS schedules the work of about 5000 people. CREWS_NS is built on top of CREWS, a scheduling tool for speeding the development of scheduling applications. CREWS heavily relies on the use of AI techniques and has been built as a white-box system, in the sense that the planner can perceive what is going on, can interact with the system by proposing alternatives or querying decisions, and can adapt the behavior of the system to changing circumstances. Scheduling can be done in automatic, semiautomatic, or manual mode. CREWS has mechanisms for dealing with the constant changes that occur in input data, can identify the consequences of the change, and guides the planner in accommodating the changes in the already built schedules (rescheduling).
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