AAAI Publications, Twenty-First International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling

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Fast Subgoaling for Pathfinding via Real-Time Search
Carlos Hernandez, Jorge A. Baier

Last modified: 2011-03-22


Real-time heuristic search is a standard approach to pathfind- ing when agents are required to make decisions in a bounded, very short period of time. An assumption usually made in the development and evaluation of real-time algorithms is that the environment is unknown. Nevertheless, in many interesting applications such as pathfinding for automnomous characters in video games, the environment is known in advance. Recent real-time search algorithms such as D LRTA* and kNN LRTA* exploit knowledge about the environment while pathfinding under real-time constraints. Key to those algorithms is the computation of subgoals in a preprocessing step. Subgoals are subsequently used in the online planning phase to obtain high-quality solutions. Preprocessing in those algorithms, however, requires significant computation. In this paper we propose a novel preprocessing algorithm that generates subgoals using a series of backward search episodes carried out from potential goals. The result of a single backward search episode is a tree of subgoals that we then use while planning online. We show the advantages of our approach over state-of-the-art algorithms by carrying out experiments on standard real-time search benchmarks.

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