AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fourth International FLAIRS Conference

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Evaluating Semantic Metrics on Tasks of Concept Similarity
Hansen Andrew Schwartz, Fernando Gomez

Last modified: 2011-03-20


This study presents an evaluation of WordNet-based semantic similarity and relatedness measures in tasks focused on concept similarity. Assuming similarity as distinct from relatedness, the goal is to fill a gap within the current body of work in the evaluation of similarity and relatedness measures. Past studies have either focused entirely on relatedness or only evaluated judgments over words rather than concepts. In this study, first, concept similarity measures are evaluated over human judgments by using existing sets of word similarity pairs that we annotated with word senses. Next, an application-oriented study is presented by integrating similarity and relatedness measures into an algorithm which relies on concept similarity. Interestingly, the results find metrics categorized as measuring relatedness to be strongest in correlation with human judgments of concept similarity, though the difference in correlation is small. On the other hand, an information content metric, categorized as measuring similarity, is notably strongest according to the application-oriented evaluation.

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