AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fourth International FLAIRS Conference

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Adding Abstractive Reflection to a Tutorial Dialog System
Arthur Ward, Diane Litman

Last modified: 2011-03-21


In this work we hypothesize that giving students a reflective reading after spoken dialog tutoring in qualitative physics will improve learning. The reading is designed to help students compare similar aspects of previously tutored problems, and to abstract their commonalities. We also hypothesize that student motivation will affect how well the text is processed, and so influence learning. We find that the beneficial effects of the reflective text significantly interact with motivation, such that moderately motivated students learn significantly more from the reflective text than from a non-reflective control text. More poorly or highly motivated students did not benefit from reflective text. These results demonstrate that implicit reflection can improve learning after dialog tutoring with a qualitative physics tutor. They further demonstrate that this result can be obtained with a reflective/abstractive text without recourse to dialog, and that the effectiveness of the text is sensitive to the motivation level of the student.

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