AAAI Publications, Twenty-Fourth International FLAIRS Conference

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A Theoretical and Empirical Approach in Assessing Motivational Factors: From Serious Games To an ITS
Lotfi Derbali, Pierre Chalfoun, Claude Frasson

Last modified: 2011-03-21


This study investigates Serious Games (SG) to assess motivational factors appropriate to an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS). An ITS can benefit from SG’ elements that can highly support learners’ motivation. Thus, identifying and assessing the effect that these factors may have on learners is a crucial step before attempting to integrate them into an ITS. We designed an experiment using a Serious Game and combined both the theoretical ARCS model of motivation and empirical physiological sensors (heart rate, skin conductance and EEG) to assess the effects of motivational factors on learners. We then identified physiological patterns correlated with one motivational factor in a Serious Game (Alarm triggers) associated with the Attention category of the ARCS model. The best result of three classifiers run on the physiological data has reached an accuracy of 73.8% in identifying learners’ attention level as being either above or below average. These results open the door to the possibility for an ITS to discriminate between attentive and inattentive learners.

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