W. Lewis Johnson
This paper gives an overview of current research on pedagogical agents at CARTE in the USC / Information Sciences Institute. Pedagogical agents, also nicknamed "guidebots," interact with learners in order to help keep learning activities on track. Social intelligence is required in order to engage in tutorial interactions with the learners, properly interpret the interactions of learners with other agents, and to model characters that can interact with the learners in social settings. At the same time, depth of domain intelligence is typically required in order for the agents to work effectively as advisors or collaborators.