Change of Representation for Statistical Relational Learning

Jesse Davis, Irene Ong, Jan Struyf, Elizabeth Burnside, David Page, Vítor Santos Costa

Statistical relational learning (SRL) algorithms learn statistical models from relational data, such as that stored in a relational database. We previously introduced view learning for SRL, in which the view of a relational database can be automatically modified, yielding more accurate statistical models. The present paper presents SAYU-VISTA, an algorithm which advances beyond the initial view learning approach in three ways. First, it learns views that introduce new relational tables, rather than merely new fields for an existing table of the database. Second, new tables or new fields are not limited to being approximations to some target concept; instead, the new approach performs a type of predicate invention. The new approach avoids the classical problem with predicate invention, of learning many useless predicates, by keeping only new fields or tables (i.e., new predicates) that immediately improve the performance of the statistical model. Third, retained fields or tables can then be used in the definitions of further new fields or tables. We evaluate the new view learning approach on three relational classification tasks.

Subjects: 12. Machine Learning and Discovery; 3.4 Probabilistic Reasoning

Submitted: Oct 16, 2006

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