A Paraconsistent Logic Programming Approach for Querying Inconsistent Knowledge Bases

Sandra de Amo, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia; Mônica S. Pais, Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica

When integrating data coming from multiple different sources we are faced with the possibility of inconsistency in databases. A paraconsistent approach for knowledge base integration allows keeping inconsistent information and reasoning in its presence. In this paper, we use a paraconsistent logic LFI1 as the underlying logic for the specification of P-Datalog, a deductive query language for databases containing inconsistent information. We present a declarative semantics which captures the desired meaning of a recursive query executed over a database containing inconsistent facts and whose rules allow infering information from inconsistent premises. We also present a bottom-up evaluation method for P-Datalog programs based on an alternating fixpoint operator.

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