Shuyi Zheng, Ruihua Song, Ji-Rong Wen
Wrapper is a traditional method to extract useful information from Web pages. Most previous works rely on the similarity between HTML tag trees and induced template-dependent wrappers. When hundreds of information sources need to be extracted in a specific domain like news, it is costly to generate and maintain the wrappers. In this paper, we propose a novel template-independent news extraction approach to easily identify news articles based on visual consistency. We first represent a page as a visual block tree. Then, by extracting a series of visual features, we can derive a composite visual feature set that is stable in the news domain. Finally, we use a machine learning approach to generate a template-independent wrapper. Experimental results indicate that our approach is effective in extracting news across websites, even from unseen websites. The performance is as high as around 95% in terms of F1-value.
Subjects: 1.10 Information Retrieval; 12.2 Scientific Discovery
Submitted: Apr 24, 2007