A Multifrontal QR Factorization Approach to Distributed Inference Applied to Multi-Robot Localization and Mapping

Frank Dellaert, Alexander Kipp, Peter Krauthausen

QR factorization is most often used as a "black box" algorithm, but is in fact an elegant computation on a factor graph. By computing a rooted clique tree on this graph, the computation can be parallelized across subtrees, which forms the basis of so-called multifrontal QR methods. By judiciously choosing the order in which variables are eliminated in the clique tree computation, we show that one straightforwardly obtains a method for performing inference in distributed sensor networks. One obvious application is distributed localization and mapping with a team of robots. We phrase the problem as inference on a large-scale Gaussian Markov Random Field induced by the measurement factor graph, and show how multifrontal QR on this graph solves for the global map and all the robot poses in a distributed fashion. The method is illustrated using both small and large-scale simulations, and validated in practice through actual robot experiments.

Content Area: 17.Robotics

Subjects: 17. Robotics; 19.1 Perception

Submitted: May 10, 2005


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