A Probabilistic Classification Approach for Lexical Textual Entailment

Oren Glickman, Ido Dagan, Moshe Koppel

The textual entailment task - determining if a given text entails a given hypothesis - provides an abstraction of applied semantic inference. This paper describes first a general generative probabilistic setting for textual entailment. We then focus on the sub-task of recognizing whether the lexical concepts present in the hypothesis are entailed from the text. This problem is recast as one of text categorization in which the classes are the vocabulary words. We make novel use of Naïve Bayes to model the problem in an entirely unsupervised fashion. Empirical tests suggest that the method is effective and compares favorably with state-of-the-art heuristic scoring approaches.

Content Area: 14. Natural Language Processing & Speech Recognition

Subjects: 13. Natural Language Processing; 12. Machine Learning and Discovery

Submitted: May 10, 2005

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